Identification of novel rodent-borne orthohantaviruses in an endemic area of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (Ckdu) in Sri Lanka

Muthusinghe, Devinda S., Shimizu, Kenta, Lokupathirage, Sithumini M.W., Wei, Zhouoxing, Sarathkumara, Yomani, Amanda Fonseka, G.R., Senarathne, Pavani, Koizumi, Nobuo, Kawakami, Tomonori, Koizumi, Akio, Wickramasinghe, Chaminda, Ebihara, Hideki, Matsuno, Keita, Tsuda, Yoshimi, Arikawa, Jiro, Gamage, Chandika D., and Yoshimatsu, Kumiko (2021) Identification of novel rodent-borne orthohantaviruses in an endemic area of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (Ckdu) in Sri Lanka. Viruses, 13 (10). 1984.

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Abstract

We reported the genetic evidence of circulating hantaviruses from small mammals captured in a chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) hotspot area of Sri Lanka. The high seroprevalence of anti-hantavirus antibodies against Thailand orthohantavirus (THAIV) has been reported among CKDu patients and rodents in Sri Lankan CKDu hotspots. We captured 116 small mammals from CKDu endemic regions in the Polonnaruwa District of Sri Lanka. Seven animals (five out of 11 Mus booduga and two out of 99 Rattus rattus) were PCR-positive for the hantavirus. A rat-borne sequence was grouped with a THAIV-like Anjozorobe virus. In contrast, Mus-borne sequences belonged to the THAIV lineage, suggesting a novel orthohantavirus species according to the phylogenetic analyses and whole-genome comparisons. Our genetic evidence indicates the presence of two THAIV-related viruses circulating in this CKDu endemic area, suggesting a basis for further investigations to identify the infectious virus in patients with CKDu and the CKDu induction mechanism of these viruses.

Item ID: 70055
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1999-4915
Keywords: Anjozorobe hantavirus, Hantavirus, Mus booduga, Thailand orthohantavirus
Copyright Information: Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2022 01:35
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