The role of 2-hydroxyglutarate magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the determination of isocitrate dehydrogenase status in lower grade gliomas versus glioblastoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy

Bhandari, Abhishta, Sharma, Chinmay, Ibrahim, Muhammad, Riggs, Matthew, Jones, Rhondda, and Lasocki, Arian (2021) The role of 2-hydroxyglutarate magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the determination of isocitrate dehydrogenase status in lower grade gliomas versus glioblastoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy. Neuroradiology, 63. pp. 1823-1830.

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Abstract

Purpose: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) provides a non-invasive means of determining isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) status. Determination of 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG) presence through MRS is a means of determining IDH status; however, differences may be seen by grade. The goal of this paper is to perform a diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) meta-analysis on 2-HG MRS for IDH status in both lower-grade glioma (LGG) and glioblastoma (GBM) in preoperative patients.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Diagnostic Test Accuracy guidelines. Quality assessment was performed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2. The search was up to date as of 09/02/2021. Nine English-language journal articles were included.

Results: The meta-analysis found a pooled sensitivity of 93% (95% CI 58–99%) and specificity of 84% (95% CI 51–96%) for LGG (n= 181). For GBM (n= 77), the pooled sensitivity was 84% (95% CI 25.0–99%) and the specificity was 97% (95% CI 43–100%).

Conclusion: 2-HG MRS shows promise as a non-invasive means of determining IDH status, with specificity higher for GBM and sensitivity higher for LGG. The wide confidence intervals are notable, however, in particular related to the small number of IDH-mutant GBM studied. Diagnostic heterogeneity was particularly present for LGG, and the hierarchical summary receiver operator curves showed poor predictive accuracy in both groups. For more conclusive results, diagnostic test accuracy statistics need to be quantified with larger studies and more deliberate study design.

Item ID: 70035
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1920
Keywords: glioblastoma, glioma, isocitrate dehydrogenase, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021
Additional Information:

A copy of this article may be obtainable via the following Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative link: https://rdcu.be/cJ7Yy

Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2022 01:16
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320222 Radiology and organ imaging @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200101 Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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