Toxoplasma gondii in Australian macropods (Macropodidae) and its implication to meat consumption

Borkens, Yannick (2021) Toxoplasma gondii in Australian macropods (Macropodidae) and its implication to meat consumption. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 16. pp. 153-162.

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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is a worldwide occurring apicomplexan parasite. Due to its high seroprevalence in livestock as well as in game animals, T. gondii is an important food-borne pathogen and can have significant health implications for humans as well as for pets. This article describes the prevalence of T. gondii in free-ranging macropods hunted for consumption. All hunted macropod species (commercial as well as non-commercial hunt) show a positive seroprevalence for T. gondii. This seroprevalence is influenced by various factors, such as sex or habitat. Furthermore, the parasite shows a high level of genetic variability in macropods. Genetically variable strains have already caused outbreaks of toxoplasmosis in the past (Canada and the US). These were attributed to undercooked game meat like venison. Despite this risk, neither Australia nor New Zealand currently have food safety checks against foodborne pathogens. These conditions scan pose a significant health risk to the population. Especially, since cases of toxoplasmosis have already been successfully traced back to insufficiently cooked kangaroo meat in the past.

Item ID: 69934
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2213-2244
Keywords: Australian macropods, Food-borne pathogens, Hunting, Meat inspection, One health, Toxoplasma gondii
Copyright Information: © 2021 The Author. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Australian Society for Parasitology. This is an open access article under the CC BY license
Date Deposited: 09 May 2022 23:52
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