Rock engravings and occupation sites in the Mount Bosavi Region, Papua New Guinea: implications for our understanding of the human presence in the Southern Highlands

Lamb, Lara, Barker, Bryce, Leavesley, Matthew, Aubert, Maxime, Fairbairn, Andrew, and Manne, Tiina (2021) Rock engravings and occupation sites in the Mount Bosavi Region, Papua New Guinea: implications for our understanding of the human presence in the Southern Highlands. Archaeology in Oceania, 56 (3). pp. 304-321.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi-org.elibrary.jcu.edu.au/10.1...
 
1
1


Abstract

An extensive body of engraved rock art on the Great Papuan Plateau is documented here for the first time, along with the first dates for occupation. Consisting largely of deeply abraded or pecked barred ovals and cupules, the rock art of this region does not fit comfortably into any regional models for rock art previously described. It does, however, exhibit some similarity to art in regions to the east and the west of the plateau. Subject to further archaeological testing, we present a number of exploratory hypotheses with which to explain the presence of the engravings; as part of the ethnographic and contemporary Kasua's cultural suite; as part of a relatively recent (late Holocene) migration of peoples from the Gulf to the plateau; or as part of an earlier movement of people from the west, possibly as part of the movement of people into the Sahul continent in the Late Pleistocene. We conclude that the Great Papuan Plateau is not a late and marginally occupied ‘backwater’ but rather part of a possible corridor of human movement across northern Sahul and a region that could allow us to better understand modern humans as they reached the Sahul continent.

Item ID: 69728
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1834-4453
Keywords: Rock art, barred ovals, cupules, engravings, Papua New Guinea, Papuan Plateau
Copyright Information: © 2021 Oceania Publications
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Discovery Grant DP190100159
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2021 22:42
FoR Codes: 45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4513 Pacific Peoples culture, language and history > 451301 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl. New Zealand) @ 70%
43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4301 Archaeology > 430101 Archaeological science @ 30%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1307 Understanding past societies > 130799 Understanding past societies not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page