Serotonin receptor 1A - 1019C/G variant: impact on antidepressant pharmacoresponse in melancholic depression?

Baune, B.T., Hohoff, C., Roehrs, T., Deckert, J., Arolt, V., and Domschke, K (2008) Serotonin receptor 1A - 1019C/G variant: impact on antidepressant pharmacoresponse in melancholic depression? Neuroscience Letters, 436 (2). pp. 111-115.

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Previous studies on the effects of serotonin receptor 1A (5-HT1A) gene variation on treatment response in depression revealed inconsistent results with studies pointing towards a detrimental influence of the 5-HT1A −1019G allele on antidepressant treatment response, while others did not discern any involvement of 5-HT1A variants. In order to further delineate the impact of 5-HT1A gene variation on pharmacoresponse in depression over 6 weeks of antidepressant treatment, the influence of the 5-HT1A −1019C/G (rs6295) polymorphism was investigated in 340 Caucasian patients with a Major Depressive Episode (DSM-IV) with particular attention to the subtype of depression (major depression and melancholic depression). Antidepressant treatment response across 5-HT1A −1019C/G genotype groups showed no differences in either Major Depressive Episode or major depression between genotype groups, whereas stratification for the melancholic subtype of depression revealed a significantly worse treatment response as conferred by the −1019CC genotype (p = 0.02). The poorer treatment response in melancholic depression could first be detected in week 2 (p = 0.03), continuing until week 6 and showing a maximum effect in week 3 (p = 0.01). The present study adds to the clarification of the role of 5-HT1A variation in treatment response in major depression by providing preliminary support for poor treatment response mediated by the 5-HT1A −1019C allele repressing 5-HT1A activity specifically in the melancholic subtype of depression.

Item ID: 6958
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0304-3940
Keywords: major depressive episode; melancholic depression; serotonin receptor
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2010 00:19
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%
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