Impact of physical decontamination methods on zirconia implant surface and subsequent bacterial adhesion: an in-vitro study

Tan, Nathan chinag Ping, Miller, Catherine M., Dos Santos Antunes, Elsa, and Sharma, Dileep (2022) Impact of physical decontamination methods on zirconia implant surface and subsequent bacterial adhesion: an in-vitro study. Clinical and Experimental Dental Research, 8 (1). pp. 313-321.

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Objective: To evaluate the effect of routinely used physical decontamination methods on the surface characteristics of zirconia implants and subsequent ability of bacteria to adhere in vitro.

Background: Physical decontamination methods commonly used in peri-implantitis therapy and routine implant maintenance can potentially alter zirconia implant surfaces.

Methods: Acid-etched zirconia discs were instrumented with titanium curette (TC), plastic curette, air abrasive device, ultrasonic scaler (US) with stainless steel tip. Following instrumentation, surface topography, and surface elemental composition was analyzed using 3D-laser scanning microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, respectively. Subsequently, plaque biofilm was cultured on zirconia discs for 48 h and bacterial adhesion assessed using a turbidity test and scanning electron microscopy.

Results: A significant difference in surface roughness was observed between the US and control group (p < 0.05). The US and TC caused gray surface discolouration on zirconia discs due to deposition of metallic residue as confirmed by X-ray spectroscopy. No significant difference in bacterial adhesion was noted among all treatment groups (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: TC and US with stainless steel tips should be used with caution due to deposition of metallic residue on the surface. Air abrasive devices and plastic curettes caused minimal surface alterations and are, therefore, safer for zirconia implant decontamination.

Item ID: 69559
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2057-4347
Keywords: decontamination, dental implant, peri-implantitis, zirconia
Copyright Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.© 2021 The Authors.Clinical and Experimental Dental Researchpublished by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Funders: Australian Dental Research Foundation (ADRF)
Projects and Grants: ADRF Colin Cormie Grant
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2021 00:14
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320302 Dental materials and equipment @ 35%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320306 Oral implantology @ 65%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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