The role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and its inhibitor TIMP-1 in burn injury: a systematic review

Sharma, Chinmay, Dobson, Geoffrey P., Davenport, Lisa, Morris, Jodie L., and Letson, Hayley L. (2021) The role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and its inhibitor TIMP-1 in burn injury: a systematic review. International Journal of Burns and Trauma, 11 (4). pp. 275-288.

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Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and its endogenous inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), are key mediators of acute inflammation and regulators of the wound healing process. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the local and systemic involvement of the MMP-9/TIMP-1 system following burn injury. Two databases (Scopus and MEDLINE) were searched for all studies reporting MMP-9 and/or TIMP-1 after burn injury. Based on our eligibility criteria, we reviewed 24 studies involving 508 burns patients in 11 clinical studies and 367 animals in 13 preclinical studies. Local, systemic, and peripheral gene expression, protein levels and activity of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were assessed. Increased MMP-9 was reported at the site of injury early after burn trauma in all studies, and remained elevated in non-healing wounds. Increased TIMP-1 expression in burn wounds occurred later than MMP-9, and was persistent in hypertrophic burn scars. Similar to local expression, systemic MMP-9 and TIMP-1 concentrations were significantly elevated after burn injury in response to upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines. While no association was found between systemic MMP-9 concentration and extent of injury or outcome, serum or plasma TIMP-1 showed good correlation with survival and burn severity. This review also found evidence of the MMP-9/TIMP-1 system contributing to secondary tissue damage distant from the burn site, including burn-associated musculoskeletal damage and acute lung injury. In addition, increased MMP-9 synthesis and activity in the brain after peripheral burn may lead to blood-brain barrier dysfunction and cerebral edema, a significant contributor to mortality. This systematic review provides an overview of the available evidence of the role of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in burn injury pathophysiology and finds that TIMP-1 may be a promising biomarker in outcome prognostication of burns patients. Large-scale studies of both pediatric and adult burns patients with increased female representation and repeated sampling are recommended to validate the reliability of TIMP-1 as a prognostic marker following burn injury.

Item ID: 69511
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2160-2026
Keywords: MMP-9, gelatinase, wound, thermal, extracellular matrix, total body surface area
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Copyright Information: Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 00:19
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3299 Other biomedical and clinical sciences > 329999 Other biomedical and clinical sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200101 Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions @ 50%
20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200199 Clinical health not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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