Southern Pomo switch-reference and its origins within Pomoan

Walker, Neil Alexander (2022) Southern Pomo switch-reference and its origins within Pomoan. International Journal of American Linguistics, 88 (1). pp. 95-127.

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Abstract

This paper describes the Southern Pomo switch-reference system used in narrative texts. In this genre, switch-reference is shown to be canonical: suffixes applied to dependent verbs indicate whether or not the subject of the dependent verb is shared with a single TAM-bearing main verb. This system is compared with the switch-reference systems (or lack thereof) reported for the other six Pomoan languages. Only Kashaya Pomo is reported to have the same system. The other five Pomoan languages have different systems or none at all. It is asserted that switch-reference was not present in Proto-Pomo and developed in different ways in a subset of daughter languages through entirely internal changes without influence from non-Pomoan language contact. In those languages where switch-reference (whether canonical or not) developed, systems with dedicated bound switch-reference morphemes are hypothesized to have been elaborated around the same two Proto-Pomo suffixes, *-Vn and *-pʰi.

Item ID: 69380
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1545-7001
Keywords: Southern Pomo; Pomoan; Proto-Pomo; Switch-reference; Linguistics; California; Native American languages
Copyright Information: Published Version: © 2022 The University of Chicago. All rights reserved. Author Accepted Version: Under Embargo until the 31st January 2023, when it can be released under a Creative Commons: Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 Licence.
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2022 01:48
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470406 Historical, comparative and typological linguistics @ 60%
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470407 Language documentation and description @ 20%
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 20%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1307 Understanding past societies > 130706 Understanding the past of the Americas @ 50%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280116 Expanding knowledge in language, communication and culture @ 50%
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