International comparison of guidelines for management of impetigo: a systematic review

Hall, Leanne M., Gorges, Hilary J., Van Driel, Mieke, Magin, Parker, Francis, Nick, and Heal, Clare F. (2022) International comparison of guidelines for management of impetigo: a systematic review. Family Practice, 39 (1). pp. 150-158.

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Background: Impetigo is a common superficial skin infection that affects people worldwide and is usually treated with antibiotics; therefore, its management has implications for global antibiotic stewardship.

Objective: This systematic review and narrative synthesis compares and contrasts international impetigo management guidelines.

Methods: Guidelines for treatment of impetigo that were produced by a national authority; available to primary care physicians; and published since 2008 were included. Following a comprehensive search strategy, data extraction from eligible studies was performed independently in duplicate. Details of antiseptic and antibiotic treatment; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus treatment; and conservative management and preventative measures were tabulated and analysed descriptively.

Results: Fifty-one guidelines were included from 42 different countries. All guidelines recommended systemic antibiotics, 78% of these only for widespread lesions or failure of topical antibiotic treatment. The first-line systemic antibiotic treatment was restricted to narrow-spectrum options in 21 (41%) whilst 7 (14%) recommended only broad-spectrum antibiotics first-line. Thirty-four (67%) guidelines included recommendations for topical antibiotic use. Twenty guidelines (39%) did not mention antiseptic treatment for impetigo. Guidelines did not always provide clear indications for different treatment options.

Conclusions: Despite potentially equal efficacy to systemic antibiotics, only two-thirds of guidelines include topical antibiotic options. Many fail to include recommendations for non-antibiotic treatments such as antiseptics, preventative measures and conservative management, despite potential for antibiotic-sparing. Provision of clear definitions of disease severity and indications for treatment would enhance the ability of clinicians to adhere to recommendations.

Item ID: 69351
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1460-2229
Keywords: Antibiotics, antimicrobial stewardship, antiseptics, guidelines, impetigo, management
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2021 22:42
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 70%
20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200104 Prevention of human diseases and conditions @ 30%
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