Language and variety mixing in diasporic Hmong

White, Nathan M. (2021) Language and variety mixing in diasporic Hmong. Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica, 33 (1). pp. 157-180.

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Abstract

Laotian Hmong (Hmong-Mien, Laos), as spoken in the Anglophone diaspora, exhibits a "layered language" (Aikhenvald 2006) phenomenon. Specifically, Hmong exhibits layers of historical influence in addition to its native Hmongic grammar and lexicon as a result of contact first with Sino-Tibetan languages, especially Chinese, followed by Lao and Thai, and most recently English. Furthermore, in the diaspora context, the traditional separation between Laotian White Hmong and Green Mong is showing signs of decline, with phenomena that suggest an early stage of merger of the two historical varieties in the migrant context (cf. Kerswill & Trudgill 2005). Altogether, the findings provide a special insight into how a new immigrant variety of a language with a long, varied history of contact begins to emerge in its early years, even while facing potential long-term shift into a national language.

Item ID: 69318
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1120-2726
Keywords: Hmong, layered language, migrant language, code-mixing.
Copyright Information: © 2021. All Rights Reserved.
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 02:50
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 50%
47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470411 Sociolinguistics @ 50%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280116 Expanding knowledge in language, communication and culture @ 100%
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