Persistence of complexity: continuation of intensification, population change, and sociostructural change in current debates in Australia archaeology

Lourandos, Harry, and Ross, Anne (2021) Persistence of complexity: continuation of intensification, population change, and sociostructural change in current debates in Australia archaeology. In: McNiven, Ian J., and David, Bruno, (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Indigenous Australia and New Guinea. Oxford Handbooks Online . Oxford University Press.

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Abstract

The Intensification debate of the late 1970s–1980s in world and Australian archaeology challenged conventional environmental theories of human behaviour, and the concept of hunter-gatherers in general. It emphasized change and dynamics in past hunter-gatherer societies, arguing against predominant environmental control and comparing, rather than contrasting, hunter-gatherers with other societies such as agriculturalists and horticulturalists. The debate was directed at questions of resource use and economy, demography, and sociostructural change, and it set forth paradigmatic changes and new narratives regarding the conceptualization of hunter-gatherers and their history (prehistory). Discussed here are the debate’s theoretical history and development in the Australian context, its results, its lasting influence and critique, and its continued relevance in debates today.

Item ID: 69272
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-009561-1
Keywords: hunter-gatherers; Australia; complexity; intensification; change; demography
Copyright Information: © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved.
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2021 03:15
FoR Codes: 45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4501 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture, language and history > 450101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander archaeology @ 70%
43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4301 Archaeology > 430101 Archaeological science @ 30%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1307 Understanding past societies > 130703 Understanding Australia’s past @ 100%
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