Measuring the psychosocial dimensions of quality of life in advanced cancer patients: psychometrics of the German Quality of Life at the End of Life–Cancer–Psychosocial (QUAL-EC-P) Questionnaire

Grunke, Bette, Philipp, Rebecca, Vehling, Sigrun, Scheffold, Katharina, Harter, Martin, Oechsle, Karin, Schulz-kindermann, Frank, Mehnert, Anja, and Lo, Chris (2018) Measuring the psychosocial dimensions of quality of life in advanced cancer patients: psychometrics of the German Quality of Life at the End of Life–Cancer–Psychosocial (QUAL-EC-P) Questionnaire. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 55 (3). pp. 985-991.

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Abstract

Context: Quality of life (QoL) is a central focus of care in advanced cancer. Specialized instruments, such as the Quality of Life at the End of Life-Cancer (QUAL-EC), may be useful to assess psychosocial issues associated with QoL unique to this population.

Objectives: To evaluate the measurement of the psychosocial dimensions of QoL using the German translation of the QUAL-EC-Psychosocial (QUAL-EC-P) questionnaire, including factor structure and psychometrics.

Methods: About 183 patients with advanced cancer from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and University Medical Center Leipzig completed the QUAL-EC-P questionnaire. We conducted exploratory factor analysis as well as item and reliability analysis. We examined convergent validity with correlations between the scale and relevant psychological constructs.

Results: The sample was 60% female with mean age of 57.7 (SD = 11.7). We extracted three factors accounting for 44% of the variance aligning with the structure of the instrument. The QUAL-EC-P questionnaire showed good to acceptable internal consistency for the QoL-psychosocial total score (α = 0.77), the Life completion subscale (α = 0.77), and the Relationship with health care provider subscale (α = 0.81). The Preparation for end of life subscale had adequate albeit low internal consistency (α = 0.64) because concerns about family were less associated with financial worry and fear of death than expected. The psychosocial dimensions of QoL correlated negatively with depression (r = −0.27, P ≤ 0.001), anxiety (r = −0.32, P ≤ 0.001), demoralization (r = −0.63, P ≤ 0.001), and attachment insecurity (r = −0.51, P ≤ 0.001) and positively with spiritual well-being (r = 0.63, P ≤ 0.001).

Conclusion: The QUAL-EC-P questionnaire may be used to assess the psychosocial aspects of QoL and promote their clinical discussion in patients with advanced cancer.

Item ID: 69142
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-6513
Copyright Information: © 2017 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine.Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2021 23:00
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520304 Health psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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