A model of immunity to Burkholderia pseudomallei: unique responses following immunization and acute lethal infection

Ulett, Glen C., Labrooy, Justin T., Currie, Bart J., Barnes, Jodie L., and Ketheesan, Natkunam (2005) A model of immunity to Burkholderia pseudomallei: unique responses following immunization and acute lethal infection. Microbes & Infection, 7 (11-12). pp. 1263-1275.

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Burkholderia pseudomallei, the etiological agent of melioidosis, causes significant mortality in endemic regions, but little is known regarding the immune mechanisms required for successful protective immunity. To establish a model of immunization that could be used to study this we screened a library of B. pseudomallei strains for immunogenicity in mice. BALB/c mice were immunized with test strains, and 2 weeks later were given a lethal challenge (LC) of virulent B. pseudomallei. Among 49 strains tested, a single strain, CL04, exhibited strong immunoprotective capacity. Interestingly, CL04 had been cultured from a patient with chronic colonization of B. pseudomallei, which is a rare phenomenon. Mice immunized with 0.1 × LD50 (5 × 103 CFU) of CL04 had significantly better survival and lower bacterial loads after LC compared to naïve controls. Dose–response analysis demonstrated more robust immunity after higher immunizing doses, and bacterial inactivation by gamma irradiation diminished the protective effect, indicating a requirement for viable organism for immunity. CL04-induced immunity was demonstrated both in B. pseudomallei-susceptible BALB/c and -resistant C57BL/6 mice. We investigated the gene profile of CL04-induced immunity by analyzing responses to immunization using cDNA microarray. Unique responses involving granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), the proapoptotic regulator Bad and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK5) were detected in immunized mice, but these responses were absent in naïve-LC mice. Further, responses differed between mouse strains, indicating dependence on host genetic background. This model will be useful in identifying elements of the immune response required for successful adaptive immunity against B. pseudomallei.

Item ID: 6894
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1769-714X
Keywords: Burkholderia pseudomallei; immunization; melioidosis
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2010 04:35
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 34%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060501 Bacteriology @ 33%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110704 Cellular Immunology @ 33%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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