Is grand multiparity an independent predictor of pregnancy risk? A retrospective observational study

Humphrey, Michael D. (2003) Is grand multiparity an independent predictor of pregnancy risk? A retrospective observational study. Medical Journal of Australia, 179 (6). pp. 294-296.

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Objective: To determine whether high maternal parity has any effect on pregnancy outcome independent of other maternal characteristics.

Design and setting: Retrospective observational study using the database of a referral obstetric unit in a 280-bed regional hospital in far north Queensland.

Participants: All 15 908 women who had singleton births between 1992 and 2001, comprising 653 women with grand multiparity (≥ 5 previous births at gestation ≥ 20 weeks) and 15 255 women with lower parity.

Main outcome measures: Spontaneous vaginal birth, postpartum haemorrhage (estimated blood loss > 500 mL), placental retention requiring manual removal, blood transfusion associated with the birth, and perinatal death.

Results: Women with grand multiparity were significantly older than those with lower parity, more likely to be Indigenous, not to have had antenatal care, to have smoked during pregnancy and to have had one or more previous caesarean sections. On univariate analysis, women with grand multiparity were more likely to have a postpartum haemorrhage (9.2% v 5.3%) and blood transfusion (2.8% v 1.5%). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis of women who began labour (ie, did not have an elective caesarean section) showed that grand multiparity was not significantly associated with postpartum haemorrhage or blood transfusion when other maternal characteristics were included in the model (regression coefficients [95% CI], 1.36 [0.99–1.87] and 1.09 [0.59–2.02], respectively). However, they remained more likely to have a spontaneous vaginal birth (regression coefficient [95% CI], 2.10 [1.56–2.74]).

Conclusions: Women with grand multiparity do not have an increased likelihood of poor pregnancy outcomes. Birth-suite protocols which dictate extra interventions as routine during labour in these women should be revised.

Item ID: 6881
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1326-5377
Keywords: multiparity; predictor; pregnancy
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Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2010 04:49
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111402 Obstetrics and Gynaecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920507 Womens Health @ 100%
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