Temporal trends in between and within‐country inequalities in caesarean delivery in low‐ and middle‐income countries: a Bayesian analysis

Hasan, M.M., Ahmed, S., Soares Magalhaes, R.J., Begum, T., Fatima, Y., and Mamun, A.A. (2021) Temporal trends in between and within‐country inequalities in caesarean delivery in low‐ and middle‐income countries: a Bayesian analysis. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (In Press)

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Abstract

Objective: To provide updated information about between-country variations, temporal trends and changes in inequalities within countries in caesarean delivery (CD) rates.

Design: Cross-sectional study of Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) during 1990–2018.

Setting: 74 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Population: Women 15–49 years of age who had live births in the last 3 years.

Methods: Bayesian linear regression analysis was performed and absolute differences were calculated.

Main outcome measure: Population-level CD by countries and sociodemographic characteristics of mothers over time.

Results: CD rates, based on the latest DHS rounds, varied substantially between the study countries, from 1.5% (95% CI 1.1–1.9%) in Madagascar to 58.9% (95% CI 56.0–61.6%) in the Dominican Republic. Of 62 LMICs with at least two surveys, 57 countries showed a rise in CD during 1990–2018, with the greatest increase in Sierra Leone (19.3%). Large variations in CD rates were observed across mother's wealth, residence, education and age, with a higher rate of CD by the richest and urban mothers. These inequalities have widened in many countries. Stratified analyses suggest greater provisioning of CD by the richest mothers in private facilities and poorest mothers in public facilities.

Item ID: 68791
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1471-0528
Copyright Information: (C) 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Funders: ARC Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course
Projects and Grants: ARC CE200100025
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2021 01:49
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420305 Health and community services @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200302 Community health care @ 100%
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