Pharmacists' role in transgender healthcare: a scoping review

Chaudhary, Swapna, Ray, Robin, and Glass, Beverley (2021) Pharmacists' role in transgender healthcare: a scoping review. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 17 (9). pp. 1553-1561.

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Abstract

Background: Transgender patients have unique healthcare needs, providing pharmacists with the opportunity to play an important role in transgender care through addressing the healthcare disparities observed in this patient group.

Objective: This scoping review aimed to explore the role of pharmacists in transgender healthcare.

Methods: Six databases were searched from inception: Emcare, Informit, MEDLINE (Ovid), PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. The first author performed screening and data extraction in consensus with co-authors. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) was utilised to report this review. Themes related to the role of pharmacists in transgender healthcare were identified.

Results: A total of 356 studies were identified; however, only 15 studies, all from the USA met the selection criteria and were included in this review. Study types included empirical research, practice reports and opinion pieces such as commentaries, editorials, and reports. Pharmacists were found to practise in two different care settings: community and interdisciplinary clinics, performing various roles in transgender healthcare, including patient education and counselling, management of cross-sex hormonal therapy, patient advocacy and provision of preventative care. They were also responsible for the provision of culturally sensitive care in an inclusive and welcoming environment. Although pharmacists considered their role important, they lacked confidence in their knowledge to provide appropriate care to this patient group.

Conclusion: This review has highlighted that there is a need for education in transgender care for both pharmacists and pharmacy students, so that they are both confident and comfortable to play a meaningful role in transgender care. Pharmacists’ involvement in addressing the health disparities experienced will contribute to improving the overall health outcomes for this group.

Item ID: 68788
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1934-8150
Keywords: Pharmacist, transgender healthcare, gender affirmation, preventative care
Copyright Information: © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2021 01:02
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420305 Health and community services @ 70%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420605 Preventative health care @ 30%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200399 Provision of health and support services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 174
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