Optimization applications in water resources systems engineering

Datta, Bithin, and Harikrishna, V. (2005) Optimization applications in water resources systems engineering. Directions, 2005. pp. 57-63.

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Abstract

Optimization tools and principles have made it possible to develop prescriptive models for optimal management of large scale water resources systems, incorporating ubiquitous uncertainties in the prediction of natural processes and the economic impacts. One of the areas of Civil Engineering which pioneered the use of optimization techniques is water resources systems planning, design, operation and management. Optimization tools are utilized to facilitate optimal decision making in the planning, design and operation of especially large scale water resources systems. The use of optimization tools as the most important component of Decision Support Systems are not confined only to the quantity aspect of water. The mitigation of polluted aquifers in a regional scale, operation of treatment plants and scheduling of effluent discharge in an optimal manner so as to control downstream pollution of rivers and other water bodies, designing of optimal strategies for reservoir releases for water quality augmentation, or maximizing hydropower generation, irrigation water supply etc. are only a few examples of using optimization tools for evolving economically efficient management strategies. Few earlier thoughts (in 2004-2005) on future prospects of optimal planning and management of water resources systems are recorded as an insight into the future. Some of these early observations are very relevant to current developments.

Item ID: 68726
Item Type: Article (Non-Refereed Research)
ISSN: 2509-6591
Keywords: Optimization application, Water resources Systems, optimal Reservoir operation, contaminant source identification, saltwater intrusion, multi-objective management
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Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2021 23:11
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1803 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management > 180399 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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