Geostatistical patterns of comorbidity of diarrhea, acute respiratory infection, and stunting among under-five children in Nigeria

Gayawan, Ezra, Orunmoluyi, Olamide Seyi, and Adegboye, Oyelola A. (2022) Geostatistical patterns of comorbidity of diarrhea, acute respiratory infection, and stunting among under-five children in Nigeria. Mathematical Population Studies, 29 (2). pp. 58-72.

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Abstract

Among children under five in Nigeria, in the year 2018, the prevalence of diarrhea was 13%, that of acute respiratory infections 3%, and that of stunting 37%. A shared-component model highlights geographic variations in the comorbidities of these diseases. The data are from the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. The majority of states in northern Nigeria presented clusters of higher risk for comorbidities of any pair of the three diseases. Compared with mothers with primary education or less, mothers with secondary education were 1.4 times less likely to have two or three of these diseases at the same time, and women with tertiary education 2.0 times less. Compared to childless women of the same age, mothers were 1.6 times less when aged 20–29, 1.9 times less when aged 30–39, and 2.0 times less when aged 40–49. Access to a protected water source reduced the risk by a factor of 1.3. Girls under age five were 1.2 times less likely than boys of that age to have two or three of these diseases at the same time. This factor was the same for breastfed children compared to those who were not breastfed.

Item ID: 68722
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1547-724X
Keywords: Bayesian analysis; diarrhea; Nigeria; shared component; stunting
Copyright Information: Published Version: © 2021 Taylor & Francis. Accepted Version: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/CC BY-NC-ND
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2021 23:34
FoR Codes: 49 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 4905 Statistics > 490507 Spatial statistics @ 40%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified @ 60%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200506 Neonatal and child health @ 100%
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