Automated machine learning for healthcare and clinical notes analysis

Mustafa, Akram, and Rahimi Azghadi, Mostafa (2021) Automated machine learning for healthcare and clinical notes analysis. Computers, 10 (2). 24.

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Abstract

Machine learning (ML) has been slowly entering every aspect of our lives and its positive impact has been astonishing. To accelerate embedding ML in more applications and incorporating it in real-world scenarios, automated machine learning (AutoML) is emerging. The main purpose of AutoML is to provide seamless integration of ML in various industries, which will facilitate better outcomes in everyday tasks. In healthcare, AutoML has been already applied to easier settings with structured data such as tabular lab data. However, there is still a need for applying AutoML for interpreting medical text, which is being generated at a tremendous rate. For this to happen, a promising method is AutoML for clinical notes analysis, which is an unexplored research area representing a gap in ML research. The main objective of this paper is to fill this gap and provide a comprehensive survey and analytical study towards AutoML for clinical notes. To that end, we first introduce the AutoML technology and review its various tools and techniques. We then survey the literature of AutoML in the healthcare industry and discuss the developments specific to clinical settings, as well as those using general AutoML tools for healthcare applications. With this background, we then discuss challenges of working with clinical notes and highlight the benefits of developing AutoML for medical notes processing. Next, we survey relevant ML research for clinical notes and analyze the literature and the field of AutoML in the healthcare industry. Furthermore, we propose future research directions and shed light on the challenges and opportunities this emerging field holds. With this, we aim to assist the community with the implementation of an AutoML platform for medical notes, which if realized can revolutionize patient outcomes.

Item ID: 68686
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2073-431X
Keywords: AutoML; machine learning; natural language processing; clinical coding; clinical notes
Copyright Information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: JCU Rising Star ECR fellowship
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2021 03:57
FoR Codes: 46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4602 Artificial intelligence > 460208 Natural language processing @ 50%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4611 Machine learning > 461199 Machine learning not elsewhere classified @ 25%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4605 Data management and data science > 460502 Data mining and knowledge discovery @ 25%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200303 Health surveillance @ 100%
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