"Tourism brings good things": tourism and community development in rural Papua New Guinea

N'Drower, Fiona, Moscardo, Gianna, and Murphy, Laurie (2021) "Tourism brings good things": tourism and community development in rural Papua New Guinea. Tourism Review International, 25. pp. 229-245.

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Abstract

Many governments and NGOs have argued for using tourism, especially community-based tourism (CBT), as a development tool. While this tourism option is often described as more sustainable in terms of contributions to destination community well-being, there is only a limited understanding of the processes that actually underpin CBT and its outcomes in peripheral destinations. This article argues that one reason for this limited understanding is that research into CBT has typically been conducted from a Western perspective with little consideration given to historical and political contexts of colonization and disempowerment. This article reports on a research study that used an alternative, culturally appropriate research methodology with 12 rural PNG villages that had self-initiated CBT ventures and that specifically sought to give these village communities a voice in understanding how CBT can be developed to be one part of larger sustainable community development processes. Major findings included: a positive view of tourism as an additional source of income that fitted well with existing sustainable livelihoods; strong connection between development decisions and the core Melanesian values of clan identity, leadership, and support from elders, community cooperation and reciprocity in the successful maintenance of tourism activities; the need to manage the entire supply chain and not be limited by the actions and power of external tourism operators and agents; the need for education and training in many aspects of tourism to enhance entrepreneurial approaches and greater returns from the supply chain; and the challenge of gender issues.

Item ID: 68505
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1943-4421
Keywords: Papua New Guinea tourism; Community-based tourism (CBT); Indigenous methodology; Destination community well-being; Sustainable livelihoods
Copyright Information: © 2021 Cognizant, LLC.
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2021 01:25
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3508 Tourism > 350803 Tourism management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 11 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 1104 Tourism services > 110402 Socio-cultural issues in tourism @ 100%
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