Multiple tumour recurrence in oral, head and neck cancer: characterising the patient journey

Wang, Weilan, Adeoye, John, Thomson, Peter, and Choi, Siu Wai (2021) Multiple tumour recurrence in oral, head and neck cancer: characterising the patient journey. Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, 50 (10). pp. 979-984.

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Abstract

Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the 15th most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide and approximately one oral cancer-related death occurs for every two new diagnoses. Death-due-to-disease is usually ascribed to inoperable primary tumours, treatment complications, second primary tumours arising due to field cancerization, or locoregional recurrence and distant metastases.

Methods: A retrospective review of OSCC patients treated over a 19-year period, betweenOctober 1st, 2000 and October 1st, 2019. Patient demographic records were collected from consecutively treated adult patients with clinical subtypes corresponding to ICD-10 C00-C06, C09 and C10 were retrieved from the database. Patients who had suffered three or more recurrences after diagnosis of the primary tumour are defined as multiple-recurrent patients.

Results: A total of 467 OSCC patients were treated during the study period. One hundred and fifty-five patients developed recurrent OSCC, amongst which 22 were designated as multiple cases. The time between initial OSCC diagnosis and first tumour recurrence varied from 3 to 276 months. Nine of the 22 multiple patients (41%) were diagnosed with buccal mucosal SCC as the primary tumour, which is significantly higher than the average prevalence (or 4.4, 95% CI (1.8, 10.8), p < 0.001) for buccal tumours within the cohort. All patients were treated initially by surgical tumour excision. There were no demonstrable differences in adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy regimes in any of the study groups.

Conclusion: Multiple OSCC development may occur either synchronously or metachronously during the course of oral cancer disease and poses an important management problem in contemporary oncology practice.

Item ID: 68417
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1600-0714
Keywords: head and neck cancer, oral squamous cell carcinoma, tumour recurrence
Copyright Information: © 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2021 23:33
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320305 Oral and maxillofacial surgery @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis > 321109 Predictive and prognostic markers @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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