Ciliopathies and the kidney: a review

McConnachie, Dominique J., Stow, Jennifer, and Mallett, Andrew (2021) Ciliopathies and the kidney: a review. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 77 (3). pp. 410-419.

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Abstract

Primary cilia are specialized sensory organelles that protrude from the apical surface of most cell types. During the past 2 decades, they have been found to play important roles in tissue development and signal transduction, with mutations in ciliary-associated proteins resulting in a group of diseases collectively known as ciliopathies. Many of these mutations manifest as renal ciliopathies, characterized by kidney dysfunction resulting from aberrant cilia or ciliary functions. This group of overlapping and genetically heterogeneous diseases includes polycystic kidney disease, nephronophthisis, and Bardet-Biedl syndrome as the main focus of this review. Renal ciliopathies are characterized by the presence of kidney cysts that develop due to uncontrolled epithelial cell proliferation, growth, and polarity, downstream of dysregulated ciliary-dependent signaling. Due to cystic-associated kidney injury and systemic inflammation, cases result in kidney failure requiring dialysis and transplantation. Of the handful of pharmacologic treatments available, none are curative. It is important to determine the molecular mechanisms that underlie the involvement of the primary cilium in cyst initiation, expansion, and progression for the development of novel and efficacious treatments. This review updates research progress in defining key genes and molecules central to ciliogenesis and renal ciliopathies.

Item ID: 67843
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1523-6838
Copyright Information: © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the National Kidney Foundation, Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council Australia
Projects and Grants: NHMRC APP1176209
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2022 02:16
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320214 Nephrology and urology @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320213 Medical genetics (excl. cancer genetics) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200199 Clinical health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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