Palliative care education and its effectiveness: a systematic review

Li, W.W., Chhabra, J., and Singh, S. (2021) Palliative care education and its effectiveness: a systematic review. Public Health, 194. pp. 96-108.

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Abstract

Background: Palliative care education (PCE) is an important public health approach to palliative care and is crucial to improving its utilisation. The current study aims to develop a comprehensive understanding of PCE and its effectiveness.

Method: A systematic review approach, including narrative synthesis, was employed to review qualitative and quantitative studies published in the English language between January 1969 and January 2019, focusing on PCE programs.

Results: Thirty-nine research studies were included in the systematic review. The target audience of the included studies were mostly healthcare professionals, followed by family caregivers. Definitions of death and palliative care, symptom management, and communication were leading themes in the reviewed PCE programs. The educational resources used in PCE programs were mainly self-developed teaching materials, with some programs utilising eLearning resources. The included PCE programs were effective in improving knowledge, attitude, and confidence in palliative care, and the satisfaction of participant learning experience.

Conclusion: PCE is a useful tool to improve knowledge of, confidence in, and attitudes towards palliative care amongst healthcare professionals and carers. To make palliative care a public health issue, PCE should be expanded to the public and policymakers.

Item ID: 67796
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-5616
Keywords: Palliative care knowledge; End of life; Death; Symptom management; Effectiveness
Copyright Information: Published Version: © 2021 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Accepted Version: © 2021 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: College of Healthcare Sciences JCUA and JCUS Cross-Collaboration Scheme
Date Deposited: 25 May 2021 23:37
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520304 Health psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200309 Palliative care @ 100%
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