A comparative review of the impact of local alcohol restrictions with a particular focus on the Kimberley, Western Australia

Graham, Deborah (2020) A comparative review of the impact of local alcohol restrictions with a particular focus on the Kimberley, Western Australia. External Commissioned Report. James Cook University, Cairns, Qld, Australia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Evidence from around the world suggests that localised alcohol restrictions by themselves are not able to reduce harms associated with excessive alcohol consumption. While substantial gains in health and community well-being may be seen in the early stages of implementation, they are often not sustained. Both damp and dry communities can produce unintended outcomes such as bootlegging (sly grog), illegal home-brewing, population flow/displacement, binge drinking, drug substitution, increased criminalisation and in some areas, feelings of discrimination. This is particularly so for alcohol restricted areas that are located in countries with liberal National alcohol supply laws. Initial successes of alcohol restrictions are often eroded over time due to these factors. The most important factors that emerge relating to long-term success of local alcohol restrictions are that: - they are wanted and driven by the community; - they are not imposed by external government or other agencies - they are not stand alone measure - any emergent unintended consequences are tracked and ameliorated. Local alcohol restrictions often rely on supply reduction. Demand reduction and harm reduction are though also integral to successful harm minimisation approaches incorporating supply reduction. Public health approaches aimed at alcohol harm minimisation incorporate these three pillars. They are viewed as essential components for the amelioration of alcohol related harm. The harm minimisation approach can equally be applied to areas with locally mandated alcohol restrictions that fall outside of national regulations. Supply reduction alone is not enough. The following review draws on available evidence related to localised alcohol regulations. In the Kimberley area of Western Australia, as elsewhere, there appears to be a paucity of recent published evidence examining longer term impacts of the restrictions. This is a pressing need if an evidence base related to the impact of local restrictions is to be created. Data bases searched during the review included Scopus, Medline, Web of Science, Science Citation Index, Social Science Citation Index, Proquest, Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Australian Criminology Database and grey literature available from government and academic

Item ID: 67702
Item Type: Report (External Commissioned Report)
Keywords: Review; Local Alcohol Restrictions; Kimberley WA
Funders: Western Australian Country Health Service, Western Australia.
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2021 06:19
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4407 Policy and administration > 440706 Health policy @ 40%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4407 Policy and administration > 440712 Social policy @ 20%
45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4504 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and wellbeing > 450407 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health policy @ 40%
SEO Codes: 21 INDIGENOUS > 2103 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health > 210302 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status and outcomes @ 30%
20 HEALTH > 2099 Other health > 209999 Other health not elsewhere classified @ 30%
23 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 2301 Community services > 230113 Structure, delivery and resourcing @ 40%
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