Regulating alcohol: a brief literature review of public health and population based approaches with a particular focus on Australian policies

Graham, Deborah (2019) Regulating alcohol: a brief literature review of public health and population based approaches with a particular focus on Australian policies. Report. James Cook University, Cairns, Qld, Australia. (Unpublished)

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The impact of alcohol regulations and policies using evidence from around the world is examined, with a particular emphasis on Australian policies. A truly comprehensive review of alcohol policies and regulations including evaluations of their successes and failures is beyond the scope of the current analysis. While the literature base related to alcohol regulations and policies is immense, sound evaluations of impacts and outcomes are rarer. Many of the larger reviews conducted in the area are forced to exclude evaluation data because of its quality. Poor quality data limits the ability to be able to draw conclusions about impacts of interventions. Some evidence relies on single sources, such as police data. In these instances, while for example the number of assaults may decline over a set period, confounding factors and other impacts of legislation and policies are not captured. Evaluation is also often confounded by the introduction of many measures at the same time. In this instance, disentangling the impact of specific measures is not possible. In some areas, no evaluation occurs. With this in mind, the current review aims to capture current consensus regarding evidence based best practice around alcohol restrictions and policies. Public health approaches aim to reduce alcohol related harm among all people in the general population. These regulations and policies differ significantly from controls that are applied to specific individuals and/or communities (often Indigenous). This review presents some of the available evidence relating to each of these approaches. The first section deals with Public Health approaches and general global approaches to legislation around alcohol. The second section deals with controls applied to individuals or communities, with a particular emphasis on unforeseen negative impacts. Data bases included in the search for evidence regarding alcohol restrictions and their effectiveness include Scopus, Medline, Web of Science, Science Citation Index, Social Science Citation Index, Proquest, Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Australian Criminology Database and grey literature available from government, academic, business and industry sites. Some reports were provided directly by the author on request.

Item ID: 67701
Item Type: Report (Report)
Keywords: Alcohol Regulation; Public Health; Population Based; Australia; Indigenous Communities
Funders: Western Australian Country Health Service, Western Australia
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2021 22:29
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 50%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4407 Policy and administration > 440706 Health policy @ 30%
45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4504 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and wellbeing > 450407 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health policy @ 20%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200413 Substance abuse @ 40%
21 INDIGENOUS > 2103 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health > 210399 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health not elsewhere classified @ 30%
13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1303 Ethics > 130304 Social ethics @ 30%
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