Chemical characteristics of macroscopic pyrogenic carbon following millennial-scale environmental exposure

Ascough, Philippa L., Brock, Fiona, Collinson, Margaret E., Painter, Jon D., Lane, David W., and Bird, Michael (2020) Chemical characteristics of macroscopic pyrogenic carbon following millennial-scale environmental exposure. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 7. 203.

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Abstract

Pyrogenic Carbon (PyC) is ubiquitous in global environments, and is now known to form a significant, and dynamic component of the global carbon cycle, with at least some forms of PyC persisting in their depositional environment for many millennia. Despite this, the factors that determine the turnover of PyC remain poorly understood, as do the physical and chemical changes that this material undergoes when exposed to the environment over tens of thousands of years. Here, we present the results of an investigation to address these knowledge gaps through chemical and physical analysis of a suite of wood PyC samples exposed to the environment for varying time periods, to a maximum of >90,000 years. This includes an assessment of the quantity of resistant carbon, known as Stable Polyaromatic Carbon (SPAC) vs. more chemically labile carbon in the samples. We find that, although production temperature is likely to determine the initial “degradation potential” of PyC, an extended exposure to environmental conditions does not necessarily mean that remaining PyC always progresses to a “SPAC-dominant” state. Instead, some ancient PyC can be composed largely of chemical components typically thought of as environmentally labile, and it is likely that the depositional environment drives the trajectory of preservation vs. loss of PyC over time. This has important implications for the size of global PyC stocks, which may have been underestimated, and also for the potential loss of previously stored PyC, when its depositional environment alters through environmental or climatic changes.

Item ID: 67263
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2296-665X
Keywords: aromaticity, charcoal, preservation, pyrogenic carbon, wood
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2020 Ascough, Brock, Collinson, Painter, Lane and Bird. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Funders: National Environment Research Council (NERC)
Projects and Grants: NERC (NE/F017456/1)
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2021 22:39
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3703 Geochemistry > 370304 Organic geochemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280107 Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences @ 100%
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