Hyperuricemia is independently associated with hypertension in men under 60 years in a general Chinese population

Qian, Tingting, Sun, Hui, Xu, Qun, Hou, Xujuan, Hu, Wenqi, Zhang, Guang, Drummond, Grant R., Sobey, Christopher G., Charchar, Fadi J., Golledge, Jonathan, Wang, Yutang, and Yang, Guang (2021) Hyperuricemia is independently associated with hypertension in men under 60 years in a general Chinese population. Journal of Human Hypertension. (In Press)

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Abstract

Hyperuricemia has been associated with hypertension, however, whether this association exists across all decades of adult life is unknown. This study aimed to assess the association between hyperuricemia and hypertension in relation to age. This retrospective cross-sectional study included a total of 22,556 adult Chinese people who attended Health Physical Examination in a Chinese hospital. Participants were aged between 18 and 95 years (mean [standard deviation], 45.4 [14.0]). Serum uric acid levels and blood pressure were measured. Associations between serum uric acid and blood pressure, and between hyperuricemia and hypertension diagnosis were analyzed using linear or logistic regression, adjusting for confounding risk factors including age, sex, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and fasting blood glucose. Sub-analysis was stratified by age and sex. Before adjustment, high serum uric acid was associated with higher systolic blood pressure (β = 0.214, P < 0.001) and higher diastolic blood pressure (β = 0.271, P < 0.001). Hyperuricemia was associated with hypertension diagnosis (OR, 1.763; 95% CI, 1.635-1.901; P < 0.001) in an unadjusted analysis. These findings remained significant after adjusting for confounding factors. Sub-analysis suggested that the association between uric acid and blood pressure was weaker in older age groups and the association between hyperuricemia and hypertension was limited to people under 60 years. Hyperuricemia was independently associated with hypertension diagnosis in men but not in women, and the independent association between hyperuricemia and hypertension only presented in men under 60 years. This study suggests that hyperuricemia is independently associated with hypertension in Chinese men under 60 years.

Item ID: 67084
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-5527
Keywords: hyperuricemia; hypertension; men; age; women; under 60 years
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited part of Springer Nature 2020
Funders: Shandong Natural Fund (SNF), National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC), Queensland Government (QG)
Projects and Grants: SNF ZR2015HL008, NHMRC 1062671, NHMRC 1117061, QG Senior Clinical Research Fellowship
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2021 00:19
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320199 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 50%
20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200504 Men's health @ 50%
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