Molecular and biochemical characterization of the bicarbonate-sensing soluble adenylyl cyclase from a bony fish, the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

Salmerón, Cristina, Harter, Till S., Kwan, Garfield T., Roa, Jinae N., Blair, Salvatore D., Rummer, Jodie L., Shiels, Holly A., Goss, Greg G., Wilson, Rod W., and Tresguerres, Martin (2021) Molecular and biochemical characterization of the bicarbonate-sensing soluble adenylyl cyclase from a bony fish, the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Interface Focus, 11 (2). 20200026.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2020.0026
 
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Abstract

Soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) is a HCO3 - stimulated enzyme that produces the ubiquitous signalling molecule cAMP, and deemed an evolutionarily conserved acid-base sensor. However, its presence is not yet confirmed in bony fishes, the most abundant and diverse of vertebrates. Here, we identified sAC genes in various cartilaginous, ray-finned and lobe-finned fish species. Next, we focused on rainbow trout sAC (rtsAC) and identified 20 potential alternative spliced mRNAs coding for protein isoforms ranging in size from 28 to 186 kDa. Biochemical and kinetic analyses on purified recombinant rtsAC protein determined stimulation by HCO3 - at physiologically relevant levels for fish internal fluids (EC 50 ∼ 7 mM). rtsAC activity was sensitive to KH7, LRE1, and DIDS (established inhibitors of sAC from other organisms), and insensitive to forskolin and 2,5-dideoxyadenosine (modulators of transmembrane adenylyl cyclases). Western blot and immunocytochemistry revealed high rtsAC expression in gill ion-transporting cells, hepatocytes, red blood cells, myocytes and cardiomyocytes. Analyses in the cell line RTgill-W1 suggested that some of the longer rtsAC isoforms may be preferentially localized in the nucleus, the Golgi apparatus and podosomes. These results indicate that sAC is poised to mediate multiple acid-base homeostatic responses in bony fishes, and provide cues about potential novel functions in mammals.

Item ID: 67054
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2042-8901
Keywords: cAMP, CO 2, Golgi, microdomain, pH sensing, sAC
Copyright Information: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 02:10
Downloads: Total: 1
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