Management resourcing and government transparency are key drivers of biodiversity outcomes in Southeast Asian protected areas

Graham, Victoria, Geldmann, Jonas, Adams, Vanessa M., Grech, Alana, Deinet, Stefanie, and Chang, Hsing-Chung (2021) Management resourcing and government transparency are key drivers of biodiversity outcomes in Southeast Asian protected areas. Biological Conservation, 253. 108875.

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Abstract

Protected areas aim to conserve nature by providing safe havens for biodiversity. However, protection from habitat loss, poaching and other threats, is not guaranteed without adequate investment in their management. Here, we examine the relationship between management effectiveness using the Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) and trends of 79 populations of mammals and birds in 12 Southeast Asian protected areas from Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the negative influence of corruption on species population change, we find evidence that adequate financial and human resourcing are important determinants in achieving good biodiversity outcomes. Management resourcing, national government transparency and body size collectively explain 29% of the variation in animal population trends in our model. Our paper contributes to a growing evidence base linking management resourcing shortfalls to declining biodiversity populations in protected areas. Our key findings are relevant to international funding agencies, governments and NGOs, to aid decision making around the allocation of conservation resources in Southeast Asia.

Item ID: 67017
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2917
Keywords: Animal population trends, Biodiversity, Government transparency, Living planet database, Management effectiveness tracking tool, Protected areas, Southeast Asia
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd.
Funders: Australian Government Research Training Scholarship, Marie Sklodowska‐Curie Program (MSCP), Villum Fonden (VF), World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
Projects and Grants: MS-CP No. 676108, VF VKR023371
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2021 02:37
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 50%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1806 Terrestrial systems and management > 180606 Terrestrial biodiversity @ 40%
18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1806 Terrestrial systems and management > 180601 Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems @ 60%
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