Performance of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube assay in tuberculin skin test converters: a prospective cohort study

Castellanos Reynosa, M.E., Kirimunda, S., Martinez, L., Quach, T., Woldu, H., Kakaire, R., Handel, A., Zalwango, S., Kiwanuka, N., and Whalen, C.C. (2018) Performance of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube assay in tuberculin skin test converters: a prospective cohort study. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 22 (9). pp. 1000-1006.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate diagnostic agreement of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test in adult tuberculin skin test (TST) converters in a high tuberculosis (TB) burden setting.

SETTING AND DESIGN: We performed a case-cohort study from 2014 to 2016 in Uganda among residents who were not infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Participants were followed up for 1 year, when they were retested to determine TST conversion. All TST converters and a random sample of participants from baseline were offered QFT-GIT testing.

RESULTS: Of 368 enrolled participants, 61 (17%) converted their TST by 1 year. Among 61 converters, 42 were tested using QFT-GIT, 64% of whom were QFT-GIT-positive. Of 307 participants with a persistent negative TST, 48 were tested using QFT-GIT, 83% of whom were QFT-negative. Overall concordance of TST and QFT-GIT was moderate (κ = 0.48, 95%CI 0.30–0.66). Converters with a conversion of 15 mm had a higher proportion of concordant QFT-GIT results (79%) than converters with increments of 10–14.9 mm (52%).

CONCLUSION: Concordance between TST and QFT-GIT was moderate among TST converters in this urban African population. These findings call for improved tests that more accurately measure conversion to tuberculous infection.

Item ID: 66556
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1815-7920
Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis; interferon-gamma release assays; transmission; tuberculous infection
Copyright Information: © 2018 The Union
Funders: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at National Institutes of Health (NIAID-NIH), Schlumberger Foundation Faculty (SFF)
Projects and Grants: NIAID-NIH (R01 AI093856), SFF Future Fellowship
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2021 00:39
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420207 Major global burdens of disease @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200499 Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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