Metal-Age maritime culture at Jareng Bori rockshelter, Pantar Island, eastern Indonesia

Hawkins, Stuart, Arumdhati, Fayeza Shasliz, Litster, Mirani, Lim, Tse Siang, Basile, Gina, Leclerc, Mathieu, Reepmeyer, Christian, Maloney, Tim Ryan, Boulanger, Clara, Louys, Julien, Mahirta, Mahirta, Clark, Geoffrey, Keling, Gendro, Willan, Richard C., Yuwono, Pratiwi, and O'Connor, Sue (2020) Metal-Age maritime culture at Jareng Bori rockshelter, Pantar Island, eastern Indonesia. Records of the Australian Museum, 72 (5). pp. 237-262.

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Abstract

The archaeological record of Wallacea remains exceptionally fragmentary. This is especially the case for late Holocene human occupation of the region when lifestyle and culture in marginal island environments is relatively unknown. Here we report on the archaeology of Jareng Bori rockshelter, a Metal-Age site spanning c. 1800 cal. BP up to the late historic period and situated on the eastern coast of Pantar Island in the Lesser Sunda Islands of eastern Indonesia. We use osteoarchaeological (human and vertebrate remains), invertebrate zooarchaeological (crustacean and molluscan remains), technological (lithics, shell, and pottery) and chemical sourcing (obsidian and metal) datasets to discuss networking, migration, and human subsistence strategies during this recent period of history. While some communities were no doubt living in open village settlements where they were producing pottery, the data indicate that aspects of maritime life-ways continued much as in earlier Pleistocene settlements, with people using rockshelters like Jareng Bori to pursue a range of subsistence activities focused on the shoreline. Shellfishing of rocky and reef intertidal species and fishing for mostly small herbivorous and omnivorous fishes was practised, while domestic animals only appear in the late historic period. Wider regional cultural interactions and networking are epitomized by obsidian exchange, dental modification practices, and pottery decorations, while lithic analyses indicates continuity of stone tool technology up until recent times.

Item ID: 66161
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1839-5074
Keywords: Wallacea, Pantar, Jareng Bori rockshelter, Metal-age, historic period, maritime network
Copyright Information: Copyright: © 2020 Hawkins, Arumdhati, Litster, Lim, Basile, Leclerc, Reepmeyer, Maloney, Boulanger, Louys, Mahirta, Clark, Keling, Willan, Yuwono, O’Connor. This is an open access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Gerka Henkel Foundation (GHF)
Projects and Grants: ARC Laureate Project FL120100156, GHF AZ 35/F/18
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 07:43
FoR Codes: 43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4301 Archaeology > 430102 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas @ 80%
43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4301 Archaeology > 430108 Maritime archaeology @ 20%
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