Effect of season and genotype on values for bull semen variables under tropical conditions

Landaeta-Hernández, Antonio, Gil-Araujo, Marcelo A., Ungerfeld, Rodolfo, Rae, D. Owen, Urdaneta-Moyer, Angela, Parra-Núñez, Alexander, Kaske, Martin, Bollwein, Heinrich, and Chenoweth, Peter J. (2020) Effect of season and genotype on values for bull semen variables under tropical conditions. Animal Reproduction Science, 221. 106592.

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Abstract

To assess the effects of season and genotype on fresh semen quality for freezing and subsequent use for AI, 32 healthy, mature (>= 4 to <= 6 years old) and habituated bulls (Bos indicus n = 14, Bos taurus n = 5, Crossbred taurus x indicus n = 6, and tropically adapted Bos taurus composites n = 7) were evaluated at a Venezuelan AI center for 12 months in which four distinct seasons (Hot-dry, Transition, Hot-humid, Cool-rainy) occur. Ejaculates were collected weekly from Bos taurus (n = 260), Bos indicus (n = 669), tropically adapted Bos taurus composites (n = 389), and crossbred Bos taurus x Bos indicus (n = 340) bulls. Routine AI Center assessments were conducted i.e., ejaculate volume (EV), sperm mass-motility (MM), total sperm number/ejaculate (TSE), sperm concentration/mL (SC), pre-freezing (PREF), and post-freezing minimum criteria rate for AI use (POSTF). Genotype affected EV (P < 0.0001), TSE (P < 0.0001), and SC (P < 0.0001) but not MM (P >= 0.05). Season affected EV (P < 0.001), TSE (P < 0.0001), SC (P < 0.01), and MM (P < 0.05). There were genotype x season interactions for EV, MM, TSE, and SC. The PREF averaged 74.0% during the study, although was less (P < 0.0001) during the hot-humid season than the other seasons. Even though, percent ejaculates considered unsuitable for freezing differed (P < 0.03) among the Hot-dry (20.2%), transition (30.9%), Hot-humid (32.4%), and Cool-rainy (24%) seasons. For POSTF, there were no seasonal differences (P >= 0.05). It is concluded that in tropical regions, season and genotype can affect bull semen variables, particularly those which affect the success of semen freezing and AI.

Item ID: 66158
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2232
Keywords: Andrology, Bulls, Semen, Stress, Environment, Tropics
Copyright Information: © 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 07:42
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3003 Animal production > 300305 Animal reproduction and breeding @ 100%
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