Species integrity, introgression, and genetic variation across a coral reef fish hybrid zone

Gainsford, Ashton, Jones, Geoffrey P., Hobbs, Jean-Paul A., Heindler, Franz Maximilian, and van Herwerden, Lynne (2020) Species integrity, introgression, and genetic variation across a coral reef fish hybrid zone. Ecology and Evolution, 10 (21). pp. 11998-12014.

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Abstract

Hybridization and introgression are evolutionarily significant phenomena breaking down species boundaries. "Hybrid zones" (regions of species overlap and hybridization) enable quantification of hybridization frequency and examination of mechanisms driving and maintaining gene flow. The hybrid anemonefishAmphiprion leucokranosis found where parent species (A. chrysopterus; A. sandaracinos) distributions overlap. Here, we examine geographic variation in hybridization and introgression, and potential impacts on parent species integrity through assessing relative abundance, social group composition, and genetic structure (mtDNA cytochromeb, 21 microsatellite loci) of taxa at three hybrid zone locations: Kimbe Bay (KB) and Kavieng (KA), Papua New Guinea; the Solomon Islands (SO). Relative abundances of and size disparities between parent species apparently drive hybridization frequency, introgression patterns, and genetic composition of taxa. Conspecific groups are most common in KB (65%) where parent species are similarly abundant. Conversely, mixed species groups dominate SO (82%), whereA. chrysopterusis more abundant. Hybrids most commonly cohabit withA. sandaracinosin KB (17%), but withA. chrysopterusin KA (22%) and SO (50%). Genetic differentiation (nDNA) analyses indicate that parent species remain distinct, despite ongoing hybridization and hybrids are genetically similar toA. sandaracinos-resulting from persistent backcrossing with this smallest species. This study shows that hybridization outcomes may depend on the social and ecological context in which taxa hybridize, where relative abundance and disparate size of parent species explain the frequency and patterns of hybridization and introgression in theA. leucokranoshybrid zone, reflecting size-based dominance behaviors of anemonefish social groups.

Item ID: 66081
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2045-7758
Keywords: Amphiprion leucokranos, anemonefish, ecological genetics, hybridization, size-based hierarchy
Copyright Information: © 2020 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funders: James Cook University (JCU), Australian Research Council (ARC), Sea World Research and Rescue Foundation (SWR), University of Western Australia (UWA)
Projects and Grants: SWR Grant Number: SWR/3/2014
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2020 07:41
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3109 Zoology > 310907 Animal physiological ecology @ 50%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3104 Evolutionary biology > 310405 Evolutionary ecology @ 50%
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