Groundwater flow and multi-component reactive transport simulation of acid mine drainage at a former mine site

Neupane, Rabindra, and Datta, Bithin (2020) Groundwater flow and multi-component reactive transport simulation of acid mine drainage at a former mine site. International Journal of Geomate, 19 (76). pp. 188-196.

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Contamination of groundwater resources due to Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is one of the severest environmental problems. Understanding complex geochemical processes responsible for the generation of AMD within the mine waste deposits is imperative for effective management and remediation of contaminated mine sites. A multi-component reactive transport simulation is developed based on PHT3D to simulate the geochemical evolution of AMD at the Rum Jungle Mine site that has undergone a long history of groundwater contamination. The reactive transport simulation utilized hydraulic head distribution obtained from MODFLOW based calibrated flow model. Geochemical processes considered for the reactive simulation were conceptualized based on previous geochemical characterization and the contaminant of concerns were limited to copper, iron, manganese, aluminum, zinc, and pyrite minerals considering their environmental significance. The simulation results showed that the simulated plume followed mobility pattern dominated by oxidation of sulfide minerals resulting in AMD and subsequent escalation in the concentration of dissolved metals. Simulated and observed concentration for different reactive species appeared to be in a similar range implying reasonable approximation of the physical system. The detailed calibration of reactive transport simulation is restrained by uncertainties associated with aquifer heterogeneity, sparsity in available information, and inaccurate understanding of the geochemical processes.

Item ID: 66079
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2186-2982
Keywords: Groundwater flow, Reactive transport simulation, Geochemical processes, Acid Mine Drainage, Contaminated Mine site
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Copyright Information: Copyright © Int. J. of GEOMATE. All rights reserved, including the making of copies unless permission is obtained from the copyright proprietors.
Funders: James Cook University (JCU), Australian Government Research Training Program
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2020 07:40
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1803 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management > 180307 Rehabilitation or conservation of fresh, ground and surface water environments @ 100%
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