Beyond nominal tense: temporality, aspect, and relevance in Tariana noun phrases

Aikhenvald, Alexandra (2021) Beyond nominal tense: temporality, aspect, and relevance in Tariana noun phrases. Studies in Language. (In Press)

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Abstract

Tariana, an Arawak language from Brazil, has nominal markers which con­vey temporal and aspectual information about the noun phrase. Besides nominal future, there is a distinction between completed and non­completed nominal pasts. The completed nominal past has three mean­ings - decessive ('late, gone'), temporal ('former'), and commiserative or deprecatory ('poor thing'). The latter is only applicable to humans and higher animates. The non-completed nominal past has a further semantic component of relevance of the state or property for the present time. The usage of the markers is governed by the principle of communicative neces­sity - in contrast to clausal, or propositional, tense-cum-evidentiality mark­ers which are always obligatory. Having special means for expressing tense, aspect and relevance within a noun phrase - distinct from tense and aspect categories with clausal scope - constitutes a typologically rare feature of the language.tempo

Item ID: 65975
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1569-9978
Keywords: nominal tense, decessive meaning, relevance, Tariana, Arawak languages
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2021 00:27
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280116 Expanding knowledge in language, communication and culture @ 100%
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