Utilisation of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model in community pharmacy for health needs assessment: a narrative review

Handyside, Louisa, Warren, Robin, Devine, Sue, and Drovandi, Aaron (2021) Utilisation of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model in community pharmacy for health needs assessment: a narrative review. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 17 (2). pp. 292-299.

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Abstract

Background:Health needs assessment tools such as the PRECEDE-PROCEED model (PPM) identify the key health concerns of communities, and may increase the capacity for community pharmacies to address these needs. Objectives:A narrative review was conducted to investigate to what extent the PPM has been used to guide pharmacy service development and evaluation. Methods: A systematic search of six databases was conducted for peer-reviewed papers published from January 2000 to August 2019 that described the application of the PPM within the community pharmacy context. Search terms included variations of the following:‘pharmacists’,‘precede proceed’,‘pharmaceutical services’,and‘community pharmacies’. Data extracted and analysed included study design, objectives, population, utilisation of the PPM, and outcomes. Results:Fourteen eligible papers were identified, most of which were cohort or cross-sectional studies and utilised at least one element of the PPM to design or evaluate interventions that targeted either patient behaviours or pharmacist behaviours, or evaluated population health needs or programs. The range of behaviours assessed was limited to patient medication adherence,and billing behaviours,readiness for expanded scope of practice, and communication for pharmacists. None of the studies prioritised community health needs, actively engaged all relevant stakeholders, or utilised every element of the PPM. Conclusions:The PPM has been underutilised in community pharmacy research and represents an effective method for the assessment of health priorities for communities and the developmentandevaluationofhealthservicestargetedataddressingthesepriorities.Further research needs to demonstrate how key health needs assessment principles such as stakeholder engagement and a population-centred approach can influence effective health service delivery.

Item ID: 65780
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1934-8150
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Funders: College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University (JCU)
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2021 05:02
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3214 Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences > 321403 Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420399 Health services and systems not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920299 Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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