PKP precursors: implications for global scatterers

Waszek, Lauren, Thomas, Christine, and Deuss, Arwen (2015) PKP precursors: implications for global scatterers. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (10). pp. 3829-3838.

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Abstract

Precursors to the core phase PKP are generated by scattering of seismic energy from heterogeneities in the mantle. Here we examine a large global data set of PKP precursors in individual seismograms and array data, to better understand scattering locations. The precursor amplitudes from individual seismograms are analyzed with respect to the inner core phase PKIKP and mantle phase PP. We find and correct for a hemispherical asymmetry in the precursor/PKIKP amplitudes, resulting from inner core structure. Using ray tracing, we locate scatterers in our array data and use these to infer scattering locations in the individual data. The scattering strength displays regional variation; however, we find no relationship with long‐scale core‐mantle boundary velocity structure. Scattering is observed in all regions of data coverage, as are paths with no precursors. This indicates that scattering occurs from various small‐scale heterogeneities, including but not limited to ultralow velocity zones or partial melt, and slabs.

Item ID: 65366
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1944-8007
Copyright Information: © 2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Funders: University of Cambridge, European Research Council (ERC), Philip Leverhulme Prize
Projects and Grants: ERC European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013)/ERC grant agreement No. 204995
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 22:21
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0404 Geophysics > 040407 Seismology and Seismic Exploration @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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