Seismic tomography of the uppermost inner core

Burdick, Scott, Waszek, Lauren, and Lekić, Vedran (2019) Seismic tomography of the uppermost inner core. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 528. 115789.

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Abstract

Seismic body wave and normal mode analyses have revealed that the inner core is solid, strongly anisotropic, and characterized by dramatic quasi-hemispherical differences in elastic structure and attenuation. Yet, despite these discoveries, the highly heterogeneous and incomplete data coverage of the inner core has impeded the development of tomographic models even at the longest wavelengths. Here, we use a probabilistic and transdimensional tomographic approach (TBI) on a newly expanded dataset of P-wave travel-times sensitive to the upper 120 km of the inner core. The TBI approach yields a ensemble of parsimonious models that simultaneously capture both the dominant hemispheric dichotomy and laterally abrupt velocity variations. Analysis of the model ensemble allows us to determine the locations of the hemisphere boundaries and rule out the presence of hemispheric dichotomy in anisotropy. Instead, we robustly map regional variations in anisotropy beneath Africa and the eastern Pacific, and detect variations at high latitudes suggesting that cylindrical anisotropy may not be adequate for describing the uppermost inner core. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item ID: 65325
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1385-013X
Keywords: inner core; tomography; Bayesian inference
Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Funders: National Science Foundation (USA), Australian Research Council (ARC), National Science Foundation (CAREER grant), Packard Fellowship for Science and Technology
Projects and Grants: NSF EAR-1349771, ARC DE170100329, NSF EAR-1352214
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2020 23:08
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3706 Geophysics > 370609 Seismology and seismic exploration @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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