Rock art and long-distance prehistoric exchange behavior: a case study from Auwim, East Sepik, Papua New Guinea

Tsang, Roxanne, Pleiber, William, Kariwiga, Jason, Plutniak, Sébastien, Forestier, Hubert, Taçon, Paul S.C., Ricaut, François-Xavier, and Leavesley, Matthew G. (2022) Rock art and long-distance prehistoric exchange behavior: a case study from Auwim, East Sepik, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, 17 (3). pp. 432-444.

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Since 1909, patrol officers, anthropologists, archaeologists, and others have identified evidence of a pre-contact trading network linking New Guinea with the Torres Strait. Current research in the Lower Sepik River Basin reported various ethnographic descriptions relating to cultural material objects stenciled on various rock art sites in Auwim, Upper Karawari-Arafundi region, East Sepik, Papua New Guinea (PNG). In addition to the rock art, the broader area has one of the most environmentally intact freshwater basins with lowland rainforests in Melanesia, and is famous for its architectural carvings and spirit houses. This paper reports new research that articulates local ethnographic knowledge about rock art with the art-work itself. The rock art panels contain a wide range of stencils primarily consisting of hands but also, importantly, several objects, one of which is the kina, gold-lip pearl (Pinctada maxima) shell. The kina shell stencils are, among other things, indicative of the remarkable distance over which the shells were traded and traditionally used. The Auwim case study is important because it is one of the relatively few sites across PNG for which we still have ethnography of rock art and therefore provides us with important insight into the past-present rock art practices and, concurrently, notions of cultural continuity.

Item ID: 65285
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1556-1828
Keywords: rock art; Papua New Guinea
Copyright Information: © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Funders: National Geographic Society (NGS), French National Research Agency, French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, French Embassy in Papua New Guinea, University of Papua New Guinea
Projects and Grants: National Geographic Society Grant (HJ-156R-17)
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2020 07:10
FoR Codes: 45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4513 Pacific Peoples culture, language and history > 451301 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl. New Zealand) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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