Child drowning on farms in Canada and associated demographic and risk factors

Randall, Jason R., Belton, Kathy, Drul, Colleen, Franklin, Richard, and Voaklander, Don (2021) Child drowning on farms in Canada and associated demographic and risk factors. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 112. pp. 313-316. (In Press)

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Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the occurrence and characteristics of child drowning deaths on farms compared with other child injury deaths on farms.

Methods: This study uses cross-sectional data from the Canadian Agricultural Injury Reporting Program for the years 1990 through 2012. Using χ2 tests and regression, it compares the occurrence of demographics and potential risk factors between drowning deaths and all other injury deaths among children (< 19 years of age) on farms.

Results: There were 44 drowning deaths and 306 non-drowning deaths identified. Drowning deaths were at younger age (mean age of 5.4 versus 8.8 years old), non-work-related (25% versus 79%), and less likely to occur during adult supervision (36.4% versus 53.5%).

Conclusions: Drowning disproportionately affects the very young. Improving supervision of young children may prevent some farm drowning deaths, but installing effective barriers to water hazards is likely more effective.

Item ID: 65001
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1920-7476
Keywords: Drowning; Child; Infant; Adolescent; Farms; Agriculture
Copyright Information: © The Canadian Public Health Association 2020
Funders: Canadian Agricultural Safety Association (CASA), Canadian Agricultural Injury Reporting program (CAIR)
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 03:25
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420210 Social epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control @ 100%
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