Community marine monitoring toolkit: a tool developed in the Pacific to inform community-based marine resource management

Johnson, Johanna E., Hooper, Eryn, and Welch, David J. (2020) Community marine monitoring toolkit: a tool developed in the Pacific to inform community-based marine resource management. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 159. 111498.

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Abstract

In the Pacific region, community engagement, participation and empowerment are key to effective and sustainable marine resource management at the local level. With the prevalence of a local marine tenure systems and the widespread decline of coastal resources, communities need to be part of the solution to facilitate recovery. A novel marine monitoring toolkit was developed in Vanuatu with the participation of community resource monitors to inform local management actions. The Toolkit includes simplified versions of established monitoring methods for marine habitats and resources to achieve a balance between robust science and methods appropriate for communities. Key to its success is that it was developed in response to community needs using a participatory approach and implemented through a series of training workshops with local environmental leaders. Of particular note, the Toolkit includes a standardised process for communities to use monitoring results instantly, without the need for complex data analyses or external support. Using the Toolkit, communities are able to adapt their traditional management to address immediate and medium-term issues in their local marine environment. The observed benefits of the Toolkit include increased local awareness through community-led environmental outreach, increased ownership of and motivation for local monitoring and management, implementation of local management actions, expansion of traditional marine managed areas, and new local ecotourism initiatives to generate revenue to support environmental stewardship.

Item ID: 64726
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-3363
Keywords: Monitoring, Community resource management, Citizen science, Marine habitats
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Agence Française de Développement (AFD), French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM), Pacific Community (SPC)
Projects and Grants: SPC Vanuatu ‘Restoration of Ecosystem Services and Adaptation to Climate Change’ (RESCCUE) project
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 08:23
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 100%
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