Assessing and mitigating impacts of motorboat noise on nesting damselfish

McCloskey, Kieran P., Chapman, Katherine E., Chapuis, Lucille, McCormick, Mark I., Radford, Andrew N., and Simpson, Stephen D. (2020) Assessing and mitigating impacts of motorboat noise on nesting damselfish. Environmental Pollution, 266. 115376.

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Abstract

Motorboats are a pervasive, growing source of anthropogenic noise in marine environments, with known impacts on fish physiology and behaviour. However, empirical evidence for the disruption of parental care remains scarce and stems predominantly from playback studies. Additionally, there is a paucity of experimental studies examining noise-mitigation strategies. We conducted two field experiments to investigate the effects of noise from real motorboats on the parental-care behaviours of a common coral-reef fish, the Ambon damselfish Pomacentrus amboinensis, which exhibits male-only egg care. When exposed to motorboat noise, we found that males exhibited vigilance behaviour 34% more often and spent 17% more time remaining vigilant, compared to an ambient-sound control. We then investigated nest defence in the presence of an introduced conspecific male intruder, incorporating a third noise treatment of altered motorboat-driving practice that was designed to mitigate noise exposure via speed and distance limitations. The males spent 22% less time interacting with the intruder and 154% more time sheltering during normal motorboat exposure compared to the ambient-sound control, with nest-defence levels in the mitigation treatment equivalent to those in ambient conditions. Our results reveal detrimental impacts of real motorboat noise on some aspects of parental care in fish, and successfully demonstrate the positive effects of an affordable, easily implemented mitigation strategy. We strongly advocate the integration of mitigation strategies into future experiments in this field, and the application of evidence-based policy in our increasingly noisy world. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Item ID: 64722
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-6424
Keywords: Anthropogenic noise, Motorboats, Fish behaviour, Parental care, Noise mitigation
Copyright Information: © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Funders: National Environment Research Program (NERP), Australian Research Council (ARC), University of Exeter, Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
Projects and Grants: NERP NE/P001572/1, ARC DP170103372, SNSF P2SKP3-181384
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 08:20
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410402 Environmental assessment and monitoring @ 100%
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