Gleaning: beyond the subsistence narrative

Grantham, Ruby, Lau, Jacqueline, and Kleiber, Danika (2020) Gleaning: beyond the subsistence narrative. Maritime Studies, 19. pp. 509-524.

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Coastal resources are important for the wellbeing and livelihoods of people in coastal communities across the world but are used and valued differently by different people at different times. As such, managing coastal resources equitably requires understanding how and when different people value ecosystems. Gleaning is an important activity in many coastal communities. However, the values of gleaners, and women in general, are often left invisible in coastal ecosystem service assessments and rarely examined in different seasons. Here, we use an exploratory case study to elicit the seasonal values of gleaning to women in a coastal community through an in-depth mixed method case study in Timor-Leste. We found that women gave a variety of instrumental and relational reasons for gleaning and that gleaning values shifted across seasons. Notably, subsistence was not a priority for all gleaners. Instead, there were a diverse range of reasons perceived as important for gleaning including to socialise or to spend time in nature. Our findings highlight the need to move beyond oversimplified understandings of gleaning as simply a matter of meeting basic material needs. The diverse and seasonal value priorities of gleaners in our case study indicate the importance of socially and temporally disaggregated assessments of coastal ecosystem services that account for relational values to support more accurate depictions of coastal livelihoods and equitable management in coastal areas.

Item ID: 64704
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2212-9790
Keywords: gleaning, small-scale fisheries, ecosystem values, seasonality, wellbeing, gender
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Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
Funders: ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James S. McDonnell Foundation (JSMF)
Projects and Grants: JSMF Complexity scholar award to Graeme S. Cumming
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 08:09
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440604 Environmental geography @ 40%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 30%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4405 Gender studies > 440509 Women's studies (incl. girls' studies) @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 20%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society @ 40%
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