Biodiesel production via simultaneous transesterification and esterification reactions over SrO-ZnO/Al2O3 as a bifunctional catalyst using high acidic waste cooking oil

Al-Saadi, Ali, Mathan, Bobby, and He, Yinghe (2020) Biodiesel production via simultaneous transesterification and esterification reactions over SrO-ZnO/Al2O3 as a bifunctional catalyst using high acidic waste cooking oil. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 162. pp. 238-248.

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Abstract

A simultaneous transesterification and esterification process was applied for production of biodiesel from high acidic waste cooking oil containing 18 wt% FFA using a range of heterogeneous bifunctional strontium-zinc-aluminium catalyst. The influence of the molar ratio of metal oxide, the ethanol to waste oil molar ratio, temperature and time of reaction, catalyst dosage, and free fatty acids in the feedstock on the conversion of biodiesel were studied. High interaction between Sr, Al and Zn metal was recognised to promote catalyst performance. A high interaction and mixing of strontium, aluminium and zinc oxides enhanced and increased the active sites on the surface of acid and base. The catalyst with a 2.6:1 M ratio of strontium to zinc was found to perform the best to transesterify the glycerides and esterify the fatty acid in the used oil simultaneously. The catalyst exhibited higher catalytic activity with high acidity waste cooking oil, with 95.7% reaction conversion at the optimum conditions 10:1 ethanol to waste oil molar ratio, 15 wt% catalyst dosage, and 5 h reaction time at 75 degrees C reaction temperature. The used catalyst showed low reusability due to high leaching of strontium.

Item ID: 64701
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1744-3563
Keywords: Metal oxide catalysts, Impregnation method, Acid-base catalysts, Ethyl ester
Copyright Information: (C) 2020 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 08:06
FoR Codes: 34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3402 Inorganic chemistry > 340201 Bioinorganic chemistry @ 100%
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