Volcaniclastic member of the richly fossiliferous Kaiparowits Formation reveals new insights for regional correlation and tectonics in southern Utah during the latest Campanian

Beveridge, Tegan L., Roberts, Eric M., and Titus, Alan L. (2020) Volcaniclastic member of the richly fossiliferous Kaiparowits Formation reveals new insights for regional correlation and tectonics in southern Utah during the latest Campanian. Cretaceous Research, 114. 104527.

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Abstract

Lithostratigraphic investigation of the richly fossiliferous Kaiparowits Formation in southern Utah reveals the presence of a previously unidentified stratigraphic unit herein named the Upper Valley Member. The 255-m-thick Upper Valley Member is latest Campanian to earliest Maastrichtian in age and records a significant sedimentological change in the Kaiparowits Formation. This change is illustrated in the member by a significant increase in near syn-sedimentary aged zircons, coincident with the introduction of white, volcaniclastic sandstones, as well as a paucity of Jurassic grains, which dominate the provenance of the rest of the formation. The source of the late Campanian volcaniclastic material, including near syn-sedimentary zircons, is most likely from nearby volcanic centers within the Laramide porphyry copper province to the south of the Kaiparowits Plateau in the Mogollon region. Measured sections reported here stratigraphically expand the Kaiparowits Formation to a total of 1005 m and find that the upper boundary of the formation is largely gradational with the overlying Canaan Peak Formation. Lithological changes documented in this study are interpreted to signify a sedimentological response to proximal magmatism and emerging uplifts within the Cordilleran foreland basin during early Laramide orogenesis, which resulted in paleo-drainage rearrangement in southern Laramidia in the latest Campanian. The fossil-bearing Upper Valley Member can be correlated regionally to the Kirtland, Tuscher and Bearpaw formations and other latest Campanian - and possibly early Maastrichtian - units across western North America and represents the capping member one of the most continuous terrestrial records of the Campanian biosphere found anywhere in the world.

Item ID: 64370
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-998X
Keywords: Upper Valley Member, Detrital zircons, Lithostratigraphy, Provenance, Cordilleran foreland basin
Copyright Information: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2020 07:39
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040310 Sedimentology @ 50%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040303 Geochronology @ 25%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040301 Basin Analysis @ 25%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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