Social determinants of adaptive and transformative responses to climate change

Barnes, Michele L., Wang, Peng, Cinner, Joshua E., Graham, Nicholas A.J., Guerrero, Angela M., Jasny, Lorien, Lau, Jacqueline, Sutcliffe, Sarah R., and Zamborain-Mason, Jessica (2020) Social determinants of adaptive and transformative responses to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 10. pp. 823-828.

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Abstract

To cope effectively with the impacts of climate change, people will need to change existing practices or behaviours within existing social-ecological systems (adaptation) or enact more fundamental changes that can alter dominant social-ecological relationships and create new systems or futures (transformation). Here we use multilevel network modelling to examine how different domains of adaptive capacity-assets, flexibility, organization, learning, socio-cognitive constructs and agency-are related to adaptive and transformative actions. We find evidence consistent with an influence process in which aspects of social organization (exposure to others in social networks) encourage both adaptive and transformative actions among Papua New Guinean islanders experiencing climate change impacts. Adaptive and transformative actions are also related to social-ecological network structures between people and ecological resources that enable learning and the internalization of ecological feedbacks. Agency is also key, yet we show that while perceived power may encourage adaptations, it may discourage more transformative actions.

Multilevel network modelling shows that social network exposure promotes both adaptive and transformative responses to climate change among Papua New Guinean islanders. Different social-ecological network structures are associated with adaptation versus transformation.

Item ID: 64245
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1758-6798
Keywords: adaptive capacity; adaptation; transformation; climate change; social network; social-ecological system; coral reef; coastal communities; social-ecological network; coral reef fisheries
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2020, Springer Nature
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF)
Projects and Grants: ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher Award DE190101583, NSF award no. 1620416
Research Data: https://doi.org/10.25903/5ecf39990a0bb
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2020 07:39
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 40%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050299 Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified @ 20%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1699 Other Studies in Human Society > 169999 Studies in Human Society not elsewhere classified @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 20%
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