Words altogether

Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Dixon, R. M. W. (2020) Words altogether. In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra, Dixon, R.M.W., and White, Nathan M., (eds.) Phonological word and grammatical word: a cross-linguistic typology. Explorations in Linguistic Typology . Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 260-284.

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[Extract:] The notion ‘word’ is versatile. It spans a number of interrelated concepts. A ‘phonological word’ as a minimally pronounceable unit is recognized strictly on phonological criteria. Establishing its boundaries requires an in-depth knowledge of the sounds system and phonological processes in a language. A ‘grammatical word’ is recognized on morphological and syntactic principles. In order to fully identify it, a linguist will need to have a good grasp of the internal workings of the language, covering every aspect of its grammar. Criteria for recognizing a phonological word include: (a) Segmental features—internal syllabic and segmental structure and their phonetic realization depending on their position; word boundary phenomena (such as final devoicing of voiced stops), and pause phenomena, including interruptability: speakers usually pause between words but not within one word. (b) Prosodic features—stress (or accent) and/or tone assignment; further suprasegmental features such as nasalization, retroflexion, aspiration, vowel harmony, and harmony of other kinds (including nasal harmony, illustrated for Chamacoco in Chapter 4 of this volume). (c) Phonological rules applying within a phonological word (e.g. internal sandhi rules), or across word boundaries (external sandhi rules).

Item ID: 64099
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-886568-1
Keywords: word, typological, grammatical, morphological, phonology, phonological processes,syntactic,Segmental, Prosodic,
Copyright Information: © editorial matter and organization Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, R. M. W. Dixon, and Nathan M. White 2020 © the chapters their several authors 2020 The moral rights of the authors have been asserted. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), James Cook University
Projects and Grants: ARC Discovery DP170100918
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 03:41
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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