Words within words

Dixon, R.M.W. (2020) Words within words. In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., Dixon, R. M. W., and White, Nathan M., (eds.) Phonological word and grammatical word: a cross-linguistic typology. Explorations in Linguistic Typology . Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 25-38.

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[Extract:] 'Word' is a kingpin for every language, linking grammar and phonology. Pick any word, from dictionary or discourse. It will have a meaning, and also a grammatical characterization (morphological structure and syntactic function) and a phonological characterization (phonotactic make-up). 'Word' features in a hierarchy of grammatical units, established on grammatical criteria: (1) morpheme > grammatical word > phrase > clause > sentence It also features in a hierarchy of phonological units, established on phonological criteria: (2) phoneme(> mora) > syllable(> foot)> phonological word> intonation group Note that it is useful to recognize units 'mora' and 'foot' for some, but not for all, languages. As a general rule, grammatical and phonological criteria come together to create 'word'. This is a critical feature in the integration of phonology and grammar, creating the overall matrix for a language. However, this does not always happen. For some languages there are a minority of instances where 'grammatical word' and 'phonological word' do not coincide.

Item ID: 64088
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-886568-1
Keywords: word, typological, grammatical, morphological, phonology Yidin, Jarawara, Fijian
Copyright Information: © editorial matter and organization Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, R. M. W. Dixon, and Nathan M. White 2020 © the chapters their several authors 2020 The moral rights of the authors have been asserted. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), James Cook University
Projects and Grants: ARC Discovery DP170100918
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 04:40
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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