Lower cardiovascular stress during resistance training performed with inter-repetition rests in elderly coronary patients

Ribeiro-Torres, Olga, de Sousa, Arilson Fernandes M., Iglesias-Soler, Eliseo, Fontes-Villalba, Maelán, Zouhal, Hassane, Carré, François, Foster, Carl, and Boullosa, Daniel (2020) Lower cardiovascular stress during resistance training performed with inter-repetition rests in elderly coronary patients. Medicina, 56 (6). 264.

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Hemodynamic stress during resistance training is often a reason why this training method is not used in cardiac patients. A lifting protocol that imposes rests between repetitions (IRRT) may provide less hemodynamic stress compared to traditional resistance training (TT). The aim of this study was to verify differences between set configurations on hemodynamic stress responses in resistance training.

Materials and Methods: We compared hemodynamic (heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and rate pressure product (RPP)) responses assessed with the auscultatory method in elderly (age = 75.3 +/- 7.3 years) coronary male patients who were participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program allocated to either TT or IRRT with the same load (kg) and total number of repetitions (24) in the bilateral leg extension exercise.

Results: IRRT resulted in significant lower values than TT for RPP at repetitions 8 (p= 0.024; G = 0.329; 95% CI: 0.061, 0.598) and 16 (p= 0.014; G = 0.483; 95% CI: 0.112, 0.854).

Conclusions: IRRT appears to be a viable method of reducing the hemodynamic response (i.e., RPP) to resistance training and, thus, may contribute to the safety of cardiac rehabilitation programs. Further studies with more cardiac patients and other measurement techniques should be conducted to confirm these important findings.

Item ID: 64055
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1648-9144
Keywords: cardiovascular stress, resistance exercise, resistance training, cardiac rehabilitation, set configuration
Copyright Information: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2020 07:48
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases) @ 35%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420702 Exercise physiology @ 65%
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