Effects of drop jumps on 1000-m performance time and pacing in elite male and female endurance runners

Boullosa, Daniel, Abad, Cesar C.C., Reis, Valter P., Fernandes, Victor, Castilho, Claudio, Candido, Luis, Zagatto, Alessandro M., Pereira, Lucas A., and Loturco, Irineu (2020) Effects of drop jumps on 1000-m performance time and pacing in elite male and female endurance runners. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15 (7). pp. 1043-1046.

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of drop jumps (DJs) on performance time and pacing in a field test (ie, 1000 m) commonly used to evaluate endurance runners and to evaluate running and jumping performance in male and female athletes separately.

Methods: Twenty elite endurance runners (male, n = 10. 27.8 [7.0] y. 62.3 [5.2] kg; female, n = 10, 25.9 [5.3] y, 51.7 [4.1] kg) competing in middle- and long-distance events participated in this study. After determination of the box height associated with the best reactive strength index, athletes randomly performed a warm-up with or without the inclusion of 5 DJs with the highest reactive strength index prior to a 1000-m track test. Performance time and pacing (250-m splits) were determined. Countermovement jump heights at different time points and blood lactate concentration after running tests were also recorded.

Results: A "possible" faster 1000-m time (162.4 vs 165.3 s) with a "very likely" faster first split (38.8 vs 40.3 s) was observed in male athletes in the DJ condition. In contrast, female athletes showed a "possible" slower running time (186.8 vs 184.8 s) and a "likely" greater blood lactate concentration after the 1000-m test in the DJ condition. Male and female athletes presented greater countermovement-jump performances after warm-up and running tests in both conditions.

Conclusions: The inclusion of 5 DJs with the height associated with the best reactive strength index induced a "possible" improvement in 1000-m performance time in elite male endurance runners. The current protocol should be avoided in female athletes.

Item ID: 64006
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1555-0273
Keywords: postactivation potentiation, plyometrics, middle-distance running, athletic performance
Copyright Information: © 2020 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2020 07:49
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420702 Exercise physiology @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 2
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